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Welcome to the Lev Vygotsky WikiaEdit

Lev Vygotsky
Vygotsky's Developmental Theory- An Introduction (Davidson Films, Inc04:02

Vygotsky's Developmental Theory- An Introduction (Davidson Films, Inc.)

Biographical Information Edit

"Learning is more than the acquisition of the ability to think; it is the acquisition of many specialized abilities for thinking about a variety of things." - Lev Vygotsky, Mind in Society, 1978

Lev Vygotsky was born November 17, 1896 in Orsha, Belarus. Lev graduated with a degree in law from Moscow State University in 1917. He started teaching at various institutions after graduation. A while after Lev started teaching, he pursued a career

as a psychologist. It was here that he got to work with Alexander Luria and Alexei Leontiev. Alexander and Alexei worked with Lev developing the Vygotskian approach to psychology. Unfortunately, Vygotsky's life was cut short, when he died of tuberculosis at the age of 37 in 1934. After he died, his work was unfortunately repudiated by the government. Fortunately, his ideas were kept alive thanks to his students. 

Theory of Development - Edit

A prominant developmental theory by Lev Vygotsky is the Sociocultural Theory. "His Sociocultural Theory focuses on the child as a whole and incorporates ideas of culture and values into child development, particularly the areas of language and self-identity" (Gordon & Browne, 2015, pg. 115). He believed that a child starts learning at birth and advancements in development are reached through what he called, “the zone of proximal development” (Grace, 2013). This is the idea that children learn more with the help of others in their society than they do on their own.  


Grace, E. (2013, August 4). Vygotsky & Socio-Cultural Theory. Retrieved February 19, 2016, from

Gordon, A. M., & Browne, K. W. (2015). Beginnings and beyond: Foundations in early childhood education (10th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

Criticisms of His Theory Edit

impacted early childhood education Edit

Other Info Edit

Lev Vygotsky has six written works; Mind in Society, Thought and Language, The essential Vygotsky, Studies on the History of Behavior, The Collected Works of L.S. Vygotsky and The Vygotsky Reader. These books are available in English on

5 Links Edit


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